The Waikato War in Historical Memory

Vincent O’Malley, “Recording the Incident with a Monument”: The Waikato War in Historical Memory, Journal of New Zealand Studies (JNZS), vol 19, 2015, pp 79-97.

Abstract: This paper charts changing perceptions of the Waikato War in national memory and consciousness. The recent sesquicentenary passed by most New Zealanders largely unnoticed. Historical memories of the war that once (in part thanks to James Cowan) fed into larger nation-building narratives cut across them today. A century ago it was possible for Pākehā to believe that the Waikato War had given birth to fifty years of peace and that mutual respect forged in battle had provided the basis for “race relations” of unparalleled harmony. By the 1970s such a notion could no longer be sustained, leaving a kind of uncomfortable silence about one of the decisive events in New Zealand history.

Vincent O’Malley – JNZS – 2015

Embedding the apology in the nation’s identity

Danielle Celermajer and Joanna Kidman published in 2012 this thought-provoking and much-needed analysis on the challenges facing reconciliation/social-historical cohesion in both New Zealand and Australia. Used with permission of the authors and the Journal of the Polynesian Society: D Celermajer & J Kidman, ‘Embedding the apology in the nation’s identity’,JPS, vol 121, no 3, pp 219-242.

Kidman & Celermajer – JPS – 2012

Christianity NZ Bicentenary Statement

A small committee prepared a short statement in early 2014 to mark 200 years of the Christian Gospel in Aotearoa New Zealand. It was an attempt to assess the nature and contribution of Christianity to this country since Ruatara invited Marsden to establish the first mission and Pakeha settlement in NZ. It contains a concise historical narrative and some acknowledgements and affirmations.


Early New Zealand Beginnings

Aitanga: Maori-Pakeha Relationships in Northland

Prof Alison Jones and Dr Kuni Jenkins of the University of Auckland recently produced a fascinating interpretation of early interactions between Maori and Pakeha in the north. They quote some riveting original accounts of the huge welcome Marsden received on his arrival in Aotearoa in December 1814, along with original accounts of the first church service on Christmas Day 1814. Full citation: A Jones & K Jenkins, ‘Aitanga: Maori-Pakeha Relationships in Northland between 1793 and 1825’, Technical Report for Paparahi o te Raki/Northland inquiry, Waitangi Tribunal, Wai 1040,#A26. Article used with permission.

Jenkins Jones Report 2010

A Question of Mana – Henry Williams & Hone Heke

This paper explores the relationship between the missionary Henry Williams and the Nga Puhi rangatira Hone Heke, particularly during the 1840s Northern Wars.

Carpenter – A Question of Mana – 2004


Joan Metge -Missionary – Māori Relationships in Far North

Distinquished anthropologist Dame Joan Metge explores the worldview of missionaries Baker and Matthews and their relationships with key rangatira in the far north in the period 1832-1840. This was influential evidence before the Muriwhenua Tribunal c1992.  (used with author’s permission, with the caveat that this is viewed as source material and as a basis for further research)

J Metge – Cross Cultural Communication – Waitangi Tribunal

Williams, Busby, He Whakaputanga, me te Tiriti

Henry Williams and James Busby’s understandings of the Declaration 1835 and Treaty 1840

This report was prepared for the Waitangi Tribunal’s current (2010) Te Raki/ Northland inquiry. It argues, among other things, that Henry Williams saw the Treaty of Waitangi as protecting Māori rangatira and mana while allowing the British Crown to provide civil governance for the country.

S Carpenter – Williams & Busby – 2010

God’s Own Silence

John Stenhouse

‘God’s Own Silence. Secular Nationalism, Christianity and the Writing of New Zealand History’, New Zealand Journal of History, 38, 1 (2004). (used by permission of the author and NZJH).

J Stenhouse – God’s Own Silence – article


Waitangi, Translation, and Metaphor

Richard Dawson, a scholar of law and economics, explores the challenges and opportunities of language in our conversation about the Treaty of Waitangi. An insightful article, which first appeared in the University of Otago’s journal Sites. Full citation: R Dawson, ‘Waitangi, Translation, and Metaphor’ in Sites: New Series, vol 2, no 2, 2005. (Used with permission.) See the full text article here :

R Dawson – WaitangiTranslationMetaphor – 2005

Clapham & the Treaty of Waitangi

Peter McKenzie QC shows how the ‘second generation’ Clapham-ites influenced the Treaty of Waitangi. He also canvasses the question of translation. A fine summary. Published in Stimulus, vol 18, no 4, 2010 (used with permission). Read the article here:

P McKenzie – ClaphamSect&Treaty

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